8 easy steps to reduce risk of prostate cancer

For lots of men, the thought of getting prostate cancer can be terrifying. Aside from skin cancer, it is the most common form of cancer found in men.

Men older than 50 and African-American men are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer.

It is important to note that prostate cancer is not necessarily a death sentence: when caught early (for instance before it has a chance to spread to other parts of the body), the five -year survival rate is extremely high at 98 percent.

But there are things you can do to significantly reduce your risk.

1 Eat less meat and dairy  Studies have shown that men who eat foods high in animal fat, such as dairy and red meat, were more likely to develop prostate cancer. It is important to note that these studies do not show that fattening foods actually cause prostate cancer; rather, they show there is a correlation between prostate cancer and consuming things like cheese or bacon. Experts advise patients to err on the side of caution and get most of their fat from avocados and nuts over animal products.

2 Eat your broccoli  In terms of cancer-fighting foods, cruciferous vegetables really seem to keep popping out as the most effective. These types of vegetables include broccoli and cauliflower, which contain a natural chemical that may prevent cancer from growing. According to oncologist, Dr David Wise of the Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone Wise, this chemical is harmful to cancer cells but perfectly fine for other cells in our body. He says the evidence for eating cruciferous vegetables is the strongest in terms of prostate cancer-fighting foods.

3 Do not smoke  “Smoking is not just linked to lung cancer. It is also linked to prostate cancer,” Wise says. In particular, smoking is linked to aggressive forms of prostate cancer that are more likely to spread, he says. What is more, a review of 24 studies looking at prostate cancer risk and smoking published in 2010 determined that guys who smoked the most had a 24 to 30 percent higher risk of dying from prostate cancer than non-smokers, due to the more aggressive tumours associated with smoking. So do yourself a favour and quit today.

4 Avoid taking vitamin E supplements  We typically think of vitamins as good things, but a 2014 study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute found that taking too much vitamin E may increase risk of aggressive prostate cancer.  As long as you are getting 15 mg of vitamin E a day from your diet, according to the National Institute of Health, you do not need to take any additional supplements. Supplementing “beyond what we would have in our normal diet would be a bad idea,” says Wise.

5 Ejaculate regularly  As if masturbation did not already provide enough of a payoff, an Australian study found that Do It Yourself sex may help prevent prostate cancer. The study of 2 338 men showed that guys who masturbated five or more times a week were 34 percent less likely to develop prostate cancer by age 70 than those who pleasured themselves less often.  “Seminal fluid contains substances that are carcinogenic,” Graham Giles, PhD, the lead study author, told Men’s Health. “Regular ejaculation may help flush them out.”  And in case you’re wondering, yes, straight-up sex works, too.

6 Have safe sex  Speaking of sex, using protection may lower your chances of developing prostate cancer. Sexually transmitted infections like cytomegalovirus and trichomoniasis have been linked to prostate cancer. The first is a type of herpes found in cancerous prostate tissue. Trichomoniasis, on the other hand, is a treatable virus that may have long-term effects. A study published in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention found that guys who were ever infected with trichomoniasis had a 40 percent greater chance of developing prostate cancer.

7 Lose weight  Years of research clearly shows that extra body weight is associated with an increased cancer risk, include aggressive forms of prostate cancer, writes the American Cancer Society. It is not clear why excess fat is linked with cancer, but researchers theorise it may be because levels of certain hormones, such as insulin, oestrogen and androgen, are reduced when people are at a healthy weight.

8 Exercise  Research shows that staying active may prevent prostate cancer. In fact, Wise believes exercise and maintaining a healthy weight are the two single-best ways to reduce your prostate cancer risk. “I think that time, energy and funds should be invested into getting into healthy weight and getting onto an exercise programme,” he says.  How much should you work out?  About two and a half hours of moderate exercise or about an hour and 15 minutes a week of very intense exercise would be the minimum.


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